When any part of our body gets injured, it is best to seek immediate evaluation of its seriousness and obtain early treatment. This is very true also when we talk about meniscus tear. The truth is, this type of injury is one of the most common knee injuries to happen and it can affect anyone, regardless of age or activity.
Types of Meniscus Tear
Types of meniscus tear determines the type of treatment a patient must undergo. Discuss it in-depth with your healthcare provider before deciding on the best kind of treatment because healing process can differ based on which meniscus tear treatment we choose.
As patient, we should know that meniscus tear injury can be categorized into either degenerative or normal tear. Degenerative tear happens to older patients and it is not repairable with normal surgery but must be treated by knee replacement procedure. During MRI, degenerative tear shows lots of fraying, compared to normal tear, which is straight-lined and clean-cut. Normal tear tends to happen to younger people who play vigorous sports or whose knees received strong force due to some accident.
The doctor may also check how deep is the injury. If it is at the outer part of the meniscus, chances for self-recovery is high because blood flow is more extant here. But if it is deeper and towards the middle, then the chances are lower. Any healing process requires more vitamins and nutrients. Without constant blood flow, healing process can take longer, which means more pain and side effects in one of the most important areas to human to support their movement.
Treatment for Meniscus Tears
Treatment for meniscus tear varies, depending on where it is situated at the meniscus, how big the injury is, and what kind of injury it suffers.
When you suspect that you have meniscus tear and meet your doctor for treatment, during the first stage usually the doctor will suggest that you take proper rest, take some pain-killers and apply ice to cool down the area around your injury so the swelling is reduced.
To help with the pain, the doctor may also encourage physical therapy later. Therapy can strengthen the injured area and give further support to an already weakened muscles and tissues.
So, it is not an emergency scenario where you will be led into the operation theatre right away. There are many steps involved before the doctor finally resort to surgery.
Afterwards, if the pain and swelling does not go away, the doctor will suggest further treatment including surgery. A non-invasive surgery is possible with two small incisions made near the meniscus area and treatment is administered through these incisions.
Surgery is always the final option, though it may still be the best solution for the patient in the long run.
However, it is essential for a patient to understand that meniscus surgery is not high risk. Of utmost importance is the support that we can obtain during treatment and recovery period which can take up between one to three months. With ample support and understanding from the dearest and the nearest, all obstacles can seem small.